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Hey brew-tiful people (see what I did there?)

Let me ask you something – Have you ever walked into a coffee shop, checked the menu, and thought, “What am I looking at here?” Or been standing in line wondering about the difference between cortado and a macchiato? We’ve all been there.

But fear not, we’ve got your back. We’ve put together a coffee guide so you can stay in the know, and start to discover what might be your future go-to order. The next time you’re chatting with your favourite barista or your fellow coffee enthusiasts, you’ll be able to toss in some newfound coffee wisdom. You can thank us later!

Types of Coffee Beans

When it comes to coffee beans, there are two main players: Arabica and Robusta.


Arabica takes the lead as the most beloved choice, favoured for its sweet and complex flavour, making it perfect for black coffee lovers. Surprisingly, despite its popularity (over 60% of total coffee production), Arabica has less caffeine than its counterpart, Robusta.


Robusta is the more budget-friendly, powerhouse sibling of coffee beans. Known for its bitter kick, Robusta finds its place in espresso drinks and instant coffee mixes. So, if you’re looking for a strong jolt and affordability, Robusta might be your go-to.

Now that you know the types of coffee beans let’s get into the different types of coffees

Types of coffees

Let’s start off with some classics we all know and love.

An Espresso is the pillar of most coffee orders. Ground coffee beans have pressurised hot water pushed through to create an intense shot of concentrated coffee. Enjoyed on its own by coffee traditionalists, people in a rush and others looking for that energy shock to the system, the espresso is the foundation of the coffee scene.

A double shot of espresso, the Doppio is perfect for those seeking an extra boost of energy. It’s a strong, concentrated option for those who need their coffee to pack a punch. Most coffee shops will provide you with this double shot as the base for your drink.

A simple order. Shot of espresso topped with hot water to your preference. Americano lets the robust flavors of ground beans shine. Known as cafe noir for the sophisticated, it’s a warm, unadulterated treat that’s perfect for those who appreciate the essence of quality coffee.

This is a home-coffee-lover’s bread and butter. More coarsely ground coffee beans placed inside a filter, with hot water slowly poured on top. The coffee brews with the water and the filter will allow through the now caffeinated water. A simple creation without the need for much equipment makes this a simple coffee fix!

The cherished latte brings together a shot of espresso, velvety steamed milk, and a touch of foam. A creamy classic, it’s a delightful canvas that can be enjoyed in its pure form or infused with flavours like vanilla or pumpkin spice, catering to both purists and those with a sweet tooth.

A Cappuccino is the sister of the latte, allowing the barista’s skills to shine. It is equal parts espresso, steamed milk and foamed milk. It’s that perfect blend of coffee and milk, served in a big cup with a sprinkle of chocolate on top if you’re lucky. If you’re a fan of frothy goodness, a cappuccino is your ultimate coffee indulgence!

While interpretations of Mocha may vary globally, the foundation remains consistent, a shot of espresso with chocolate powder or syrup, complemented by streamed milk. Think of it as a unique twist on a latte, typically consisting of 1/3 espresso and 2/3 steamed milk (similar to a latte). What sets it apart is the delightful addition of chocolate flavour, which can be either velvety milk or intense dark chocolate. A mocha is the perfect indulgence for those seeking a delightful fusion of rich espresso and the sweet allure of chocolate.

Did you know ?
The Mocha was initially named after the Mocha bean, a coffee bean shipped from the port of Al Mokka in Yemen. These beans were renowned for their naturally chocolatey flavour. While the name now primarily signifies the chocolate-infused coffee, its roots trace back to the distinctive Mocha beans that captivated coffee enthusiasts centuries ago

Flat White
Originating from Australia, the Flat white is the mid way point between a latte and an espresso. Made with one part espresso and two parts steamed milk with a delicate layer of micro foam. If you crave a coffee that lets you enjoy the rich espresso taste while relishing the creamy feel of steamed milk, the flat white is the way to go.

Here are some of the more specialised coffee’s out there

The Cortado takes the flat white even further. It strikes a perfect balance between espresso and warm steamed milk, reducing the acidity of the espresso as it is 50/50 espresso and steamed milk. It’s a harmonious blend for those who enjoy a smoother, milder coffee experience.

The Macchiato features a small amount of foam atop a rich espresso base, striking a delightful balance between a cappuccino and a cortado.

Hailing from Portugal, the Galão is akin to a latte or cappuccino but boasts twice the foamed milk, creating a lighter, elegant coffee indulgence and is often served in a tall glass.

A Lungo, or long-pull espresso, offers a longer extraction time, resulting in a higher caffeine content. Enjoy more ounces and a prolonged coffee experience with this delightful option.

The Ristretto, with less hot water, delivers a sweeter flavor compared to traditional espresso. It’s a minimalistic, strong option for those who crave a pure coffee experience.

The Affogato is a delightful excuse to enjoy coffee with a scoop of ice cream. Served with a shot of espresso, it’s a heavenly combination that can be elevated further over a brownie for an indulgent treat.

Café au Lait
Perfect for coffee minimalists, the Café au Lait involves adding a splash of warm milk to your coffee, offering a subtle flavor boost without overwhelming the coffee’s essence.

Irish Coffee
Irish Coffee, a delightful blend of black coffee, whiskey, sugar, and whipped cream, provides warmth and a touch of indulgence. An ideal choice for those seeking a cozy, spirited experience.

Did you know

The Ristretto, with its minimalistic approach, packs the strongest punch, delivering a bold and robust coffee experience? On the flip side, if sweetness is your game, the mocha steals the show, celebrated for its delightful chocolate infusion and velvety steamed milk. 


Types of Iced Coffee

Iced Coffee
A simple blend of coffee with ice and water, Iced Coffee is a classic refreshment often accompanied by a dash of milk, cream, or sweetener.

Iced Espresso
Whether straight or with added milk, cream, or sweetener, Iced Espresso brings the elegance of espresso to the realm of chilled delights.

Cold Brew
Cold brew, the pioneer of iced coffee trends, takes a unique approach. Instead of the traditional brewing method with hot water, it involves steeping coffee beans in room temperature or cold water for an extended period. This extended steeping, typically lasting 12 to 24 hours, results in a potent and velvety brew, steering away from the rapid brewing process. Though the term “cold brew” might be a bit misleading, since it doesn’t actually involve boiling water, the name has a certain charm. To enjoy this smooth and robust creation, you can add cold milk or cream for a perfectly trendy indulgence.

Famously introduced by Starbucks, the Frappuccino is a heavenly blend of iced coffee, whipped cream, and syrup. A delightful indulgence with customisable variations to satisfy every palate. This blended coffee drink combines coffee or espresso with milk and ice, creating a smooth, creamy texture. For added flavour, customise it with syrups and a dollop of whipped cream to suit your taste.

Taking cold brew to new heights, Nitro coffee is a cold brew infused with nitrogen gas, creating a distinctive frothy texture. Unlike your regular cold brew, nitro coffee is served cold directly from the tap or infusion kettle. It begins as a standard cold brew, where coffee grounds steep in cold water for an extended period, usually overnight. Before serving, they add nitrogen to the coffee, making it stand out. They use special equipment, like what you’d find in a bar, and not your regular coffee place.

Mazagran is a cold coffee that originated in Algeria but got famous in Portugal. This tasty coffee blends strong espresso with tangy lemon juice, giving it a refreshing twist. To make it, brew espresso, mix in lemon juice, and pour over ice. Some versions even add rum for extra flavor. While it’s usually served cold, you can enjoy it hot too.. If you’re a coffee fan looking for something different, give Mazagran a try.

Whether you prefer the simplicity of a black coffee or the indulgence of a mocha, the world of coffee offers a diverse range of flavours and experiences.

So in the grand coffee opera of life, may your brews be bold, your froth be frothy, and your laughs be plentiful. Here’s to avoiding bad coffee and embracing the simple joys in every sip! Until our next coffee guide, stay bean-tastic, everyone! ☕😄


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